Marketing is one of the most important aspects of any mechanistic and organic organization.
In fact, it is the key to the organization’s success. It is a method by which organizations advertise their product, inform people of their services and products, make them aware of changes in the status of the company and motivate them to buy or invest in the product or service. The marketing process, therefore, plays a crucial role in the success of almost all organizations.
Learning organizations have different structures.
A learning organization may be a school or college, or an institute for training and development. In the learning organization, there is a definite division of labour. For instance, in the learning organization, managers make all educational decisions, employees purchase the products or services, ensure that they comply with the learning objectives, maintain records that relate to learning and apply the learning objectives to achieving work objectives.
Organizational structure determines the nature and number of players who can potentially be involved in a particular activity, in a certain position, at a given time.
- Examples of mechanistic organizations are: assembly lines, factory production lines, railway freight yards, and computerized inventory management systems.
- Examples of organic organizational structures are: (a) decentralized self-managing organizations, (b) modular organizations, and (c) interdependent communities.
In case of mechanistic and organic organizations, there is little difference between them except that in the case of mechanistic enterprises, there is a single authority responsible for ensuring that a set of predetermined objectives is attained; in the case of organic enterprises, the objectives are self-managed and change according to the situation and environment.
Learning and Knowledge.
Organizational structure is based on the process of acquiring knowledge and making it available for its use. This occurs both inside the organization and in the external environment. For example, in a factory, a group of workers may acquire new skills by engaging in work-related activities such as learning the procedures to be followed when handling raw materials, learning about new production processes, etc.
Processes and Actions.
Within an organization, there are two types of processes: those that are rigid and those that are flexible. A rigid process is a procedure that is inflexible, for example: a set of organizational procedures must be followed at all times.
Organic organizations, on the other hand, exhibit the concept of flexible processes and actions, for which flexibility is not a necessary component. An organic system is not organized around any central procedure or schedule. Instead, the flow of events that occur within the enterprise is diagrammed according to factors that are determined by the priorities that the participants attach to them, rather than by any rigid organizational theory. A premium essay may illustrate this point by suggesting that the difference between a mechanical and an organic organization is found, at least in part, in the manner in which premium essay writers are rewarded for their work.
In a mechanical organization, the value of the individual contributor is irrelevant because the organization does not seek to maximize the value of each member. Organic structures, by contrast, are organized around the value of the enterprise as a whole. In achieving that goal, the organization compensates the contributor accordingly. Organic organizations thus provide an excellent example of how rewards can be linked directly to performance.